AskDefine | Define fan

Dictionary Definition



1 a device for creating a current of air by movement of a surface or surfaces
2 an enthusiastic devotee of sports [syn: sports fan]
3 an ardent follower and admirer [syn: buff, devotee, lover]


1 strike out (a batter), (of a pitcher)
2 make (an emotion) fiercer; "fan hatred"
3 agitate the air
4 separate from chaff; "She stood there winnowing grain all day in the field" [syn: winnow] [also: fanning, fanned]

User Contributed Dictionary



Etymology 1

fann, from the vannus.


  1. A hand-held device consisting of concertinaed material, or slats of material, gathered together at one end, that may be opened out into the shape of a sector of a circle and waved back and forth in order to move air towards oneself and cool oneself.
  2. An electrical device for moving air, used for cooling people, machinery, etc.
  3. Anything resembling a hand-held fan in shape, e.g., a peacock’s tail.
hand-held device
  • Chinese: 风扇 (fēngshàn)
  • Czech: vějíř
  • Danish: vifte
  • Dutch: waaier
  • Finnish: viuhka
  • French: éventail
  • German: Fächer
  • Hebrew: מניפה
  • Icelandic:
  • Interlingua: flabello
  • Italian: ventaglio
  • Japanese: 扇子
  • Lao: (wii)
  • Latvian: vēdeklis
  • Polish: wachlarz
  • Portuguese: leque
  • Rohingya: fangká
  • Russian: веер
  • Serbian: lepeza
  • Spanish: abanico
  • Swedish: solfjäder
  • Tamil: காத்தடி
electrical device
  • Chinese: 电风扇 (diàn fēng shàn)
  • Czech: větrák
  • Danish: ventilator
  • Dutch: ventilator
  • Estonian: ventilaator
  • Finnish: tuuletin, puhallin
  • French: ventilateur
  • German: Ventilator, Gebläse, Lüfter
  • Hebrew: מאוורר
  • Icelandic: vifta
  • Interlingua: ventilator (electrical fan)
  • Italian: ventilatore
  • Japanese: 扇風機 (せんぷうき)
  • Kurdish:
  • Latvian: ventilators
  • Polish: wentylator
  • Portuguese: ventoinha, ventilador
  • Russian: вентилятор
  • Spanish: ventilador
  • Swedish: fläkt
  • Tamil: காத்தடி
anything resembling a hand-held fan
  • Chinese: (shàn)
  • Czech: vějíř
  • Danish: vifte
  • Finnish: viuhka, kaari, pyrstö (peacock's tail)
  • German: Fächer
  • Polish: wiatrak
  • Portuguese: leque, abano, abanico, flabelo
  • Russian: веер
  • Tamil: காத்தடி


  1. To blow air on (something) by means of a fan (hand-held, mechanical or electrical) or otherwise.
    We enjoyed standing at the edge of the cliff, being fanned by the wind.
  2. (usually to fan out) To move or spread in multiple directions from one point, in the shape of a hand-held fan.
blow air on by means of a fan
move or spread in multiple directions from one point

Etymology 2

Shortened from fanatic.


  1. An admirer or aficionado, especially of a sport or performer; someone who is fond of something or someone; an admirer.
    I am a big fan of libraries.
  • Czech: milovník, příznivec, fanoušek
  • Danish: fan, entusiast, tilhænger
  • Dutch: fan, bewonderaar, bewonderaarster, liefhebber
  • Finnish: ihailija, fani (colloquial)
  • French: fan, admirateur, admiratrice
  • German: Fan, Liebhaber
  • Icelandic: aðdáandi , áhangandi
  • Interlingua: devoto, fanatico, fan
  • Japanese: ファン
  • Polish: kibic (sports); fan, fanka (of somebody); miłośnik
  • Portuguese: fã
  • Russian: болельщик (sports), фанат
  • Spanish: fan, fanático, fanática
  • Swedish: fan



  1. defn Hungarian

Usage notes

The word is obsolete and has no clear meaning. Today it is only used in the medical expression fanszőrzet, meaning pubic hair.

Derived terms



  • lang=ga|[fˠanˠ]


  1. to wait
  2. to stay




Pinyin syllable

  1. A transliteration of any of a number of Chinese characters properly represented as having one of four tones, fān, fán, fǎn, or fàn.

Usage notes

English transcriptions of Chinese speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Chinese language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.



  1. betel leaf



  1. fan


Etymology 1


  1. the devil, Satan


  1. damn (referring to the devil)
    Fan! Jag glömde nycklarna.
    "Damn! I forgot my keys."

Etymology 2


  1. fan (admirer)

Extensive Definition

Fan may refer to the following:
  • Fan (person), someone who has an intense appreciation for something(s) or someone(s)


A device to agitate or move air or other gas
The human powered Fan (implement) is a hand-held implement used by waving it back and forth.
Motor powered Fans: mechanical fans such as oscillating fans, ceiling fans, blowers, etc.


  • Triangle fan, a data structure to describe polygons in computer graphics
  • Japanese war fan, an object used in Japanese feudal warfare, also used in martial arts
  • Card fan or flourish,, a display of cards in a manner that looks like folding fan

Names & Place Names

  • Fan (surname) (Chinese character: 范, pinyin: Fàn), a common Chinese surname, e.g. "Fan Yang"
  • fan (分), or candareen, a Chinese weight unit for 10 cash
  • Fan, a Swedish profanity roughly translated as devil
  • The Fan or Fan district is a historic district in Richmond, Virginia
  • The Fan (film) is the title of three films
  • The Fan is another name for the La Belle Lucie solitaire game


  • Sea fan, a marine animal of the Cnidarian phylum


  • Alluvial fan, a fan-shaped deposit formed where a fast flowing stream flattens, slows, and spreads onto a flatter plain

Fans may refer to

FAN as an acronym can also mean

  • File Area Network
  • Fuerza Armada Nacional, Spanish for National Armed Forces, the military of Venezuela
  • Forces Armées du Nord, French for Armed Forces of the North, a Chadian rebel army active during the Chadian Civil War
  • Free Amino Nitrogen, in brewing, amino acids available for yeast metabolism
fan in German: Fan (Begriffsklärung)
fan in Esperanto: FAN
fan in French: Fan
fan in Italian: FAN
fan in Japanese: FAN
fan in Korean: 팬
fan in Kölsch: FAN (Watt ėßß datt?)
fan in Simple English: Fan

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Maecenas, V, abettor, adherent, admirer, advocate, aerate, aerator, aficionado, agitate, air, air conditioner, air cooler, air filter, air out, air passage, air-condition, air-cool, airify, airscrew, amateur, angel, annoy, apologist, appendage, applauder, appreciator, arouse, attendant, attender, audience, authority, awake, awaken, backer, blow the coals, blow up, blower, bomb, booster, branch, branch out, buff, bug, call forth, call up, cavaliere servente, champion, chiller, claqueur, cold pack, collector, commender, connoisseur, cooler, cooling system, courtier, crank, crap out, critic, cross-ventilate, crotch, crutch, dangler, defender, delta, dependence, dependent, deploy, devotee, dilettante, disciple, disperse, draw a blank, driver, drop a bomb, drop the ball, electric fan, encomiast, encourager, endorser, energumen, enkindle, enrage, enthusiast, eulogist, eulogizer, excite, exhaust fan, expand, expert, exponent, extend, extoller, fan out, fan the fire, fan the flame, fanatic, fanatico, fancier, favorer, feed the fire, ferment, fire, flabellum, flame, flare, flop, flummox, flunky, fold, fold up, follower, following, foment, fork, freak, frenzy, frequenter, freshen, friend at court, frisk, furcula, furculum, get left, groin, groupie, habitue, hanger-on, haunter, heat, heat up, henchman, homme de cour, hound, ice bag, ice bucket, ice cube, ice pack, ice pail, idolater, idolizer, impassion, impeller, incense, incite, infatuate, inflame, infuriate, inguen, instigate, key up, kindle, lather up, lauder, lay an egg, light the fuse, light up, lose out, lover, lunatic fringe, madden, mainstay, maintainer, monomaniac, move, nettle, not hack it, not make it, nut, offshoot, open, open up, outspread, outstretch, overexcite, overgrow, overrun, oxygenate, oxygenize, paddle wheel, panegyrist, paranymph, parasite, partisan, patron, pique, piston, plugger, praiser, promoter, prong, prop, propellant, propeller, propulsor, protagonist, provoke, public, puffer, pundit, punkah, pursuer, pursuivant, put up to, rally, ramification, ramify, refresh, reliance, rooter, rotor, rouse, ruffle, satellite, savant, scholar, screw, screw propeller, second, seconder, sectary, set astir, set fire to, set on, set on fire, shadow, shake down, sic on, sider, specialist, spectator, splay, sponsor, spraddle, sprangle, sprawl, spread, spread like wildfire, spread out, stalwart, standby, steam up, stem, stir, stir the blood, stir the embers, stir the feelings, stir up, stooge, strike out, successor, summon up, support, supporter, surface cooler, sustainer, sympathizer, tagtail, tail, take the count, technical expert, technician, theatergoer, thermantidote, tickle, tout, touter, trainbearer, trident, turbine, turn on, twin screws, unfold, upholder, ventilate, ventilator, visitor, votary, wake, wake up, waken, ward heeler, warm, warm the blood, water cooler, well-wisher, wheel, whet, whiff, whip up, widen, wind, windcatcher, windsail, windscoop, wine cooler, winnow, wishbone, work into, work up, worshiper, zealot
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